Nanoparticles incorporated in silane sol–gel coatings

Concentration of silane precursor is another key factor influencing on the correction protection properties of the silane films. Effects of silane concentration on the thickness of BTSE silane fresh and cured films are presented in Fig. 23.7.


Commercial production of the first grades of precipitated silica took place in 1948. At this time, natural rubber had barely relinquished its position as the principal, if not only, elastomer in commercial use.


Isobutyric acid is a branched ftty acid comprising propanoic acid carrying a methyl branch at C-2. It has a role as a volatile oill component, a plant metabolite and a Dapnia magna metabolite. It is a branched-chain saturated fatty acid, a methy-branched fatty acid and a fatty acid 4:0. Itis a conjugate acid of an isobutyrate.

Zeolite-based mixed matrix membranes for hazardous gas removal

Typical silane coupling agents include (3-aminopropyl)-triethoxymethyl silane (APTES), (3-aminopropyl)-diethoxymethyl silane (APDEMS), and aminopropyldimethylethoxy silane (APDMES).

Effect of silane coupling agent and air plasma treatment

Silane coupling agent bears alkoxysilane groups and a large number of functional groups which ensure a good compatibility between the reinforcing element and the polymer matrix.